Editors Laurie Brown, Max Dresden, Lillian Hoddeson and Michael Riordan have brought together a distinguished group of elementary particle physicists and historians of science to explore the recent history of particle physics. Based on a conference held at Stanford University, this is the third volume of a series recounting the history of particle physics and offers the most up-to-date account of the rise of the Standard Model, which explains the microstructure of the world in terms of quarks and leptons and their interactions. Major contributors include Steven Weinberg, Murray Gell-Mann, Michael Redhead, Silvan Schweber, Leon Lederman and John Heilbron. The wide-ranging articles explore the detailed scientific experiments, the institutional settings in which they took place, and the ways in which the many details of the puzzle fit together to account for the Standard Model.
For the first time ever, clear, comprehensive information about the major e-learning standards has been brought together in a single resource. No more confusing patchworks of information gleaned from scattered Web sites and periodicals. No more frustrating searches through hundreds of pages of technical specifications to find the twenty pages that apply to you. No more sorting through the alphabet soup of acronyms trying to discern which of them you need. Written by the developers of the first Learning Management System (LMS) to be AICC-certified for Web-based interoperability, E-Learning Standards: A Guide to Purchasing, Developing, and Deploying Standards-Conformant E-Learning thoroughly covers this complex topic.
IFRS: A Framework-based Perspective links broad concepts and general accounting principles to the specific requirements of IFRS to help students develop and understand the judgments required in using a principle-based standard. Although it is still unclear whether the US will adopt IFRS, the global business environment makes it necessary for accounting students and professionals to be bilingual in both US GAAP and IFRS. This comprehensive textbook offers: A clear presentation of the concepts underlying IFRS A conceptual framework to guide students in interpreting and applying IFRS rules A comparison between IFRS and US GAAP to develop students' understanding of the requirements of each standard Real world examples and case studies to link accounting theory to practice, while alsoexposing students to different interpretations and applications of IFRS A 'future developments' section to explain current issues on the IASB's active agenda, respective stages of development, and expected outcomes End of chapter material covering other aspects of financial reporting, including international auditing standards, international ethics standards, and corporate governance and enforcement, as well as emerging topics, such as integrated accounting, sustainability and social responsibility accounting and new forms of financial reporting Burton & Jermakowicz have crafted a thorough and extensive tool to give students a competitive edge in understanding, and applying IFRS. A companion website provides additional support for both students and instructors.
Understanding the Web is a problem on a par with other complex scientific challenges such as climate change or the human genome. The requirement for understanding should ideally be accompanied by some measure of control, which makes Web Science crucial in the future provision of tools for managing our interactions, our politics, our economics, our entertainment, and - not least - our knowledge and data sharing. The Web is a critical infrastructure that underpins increasingly many of our transactions, and yet is barely understood by policymakers. This monograph considers the development of Web Science since the publication 'A Framework for Web Science' (Berners-Lee et al., 2006). The theme of emergence is discussed as the characteristic phenomenon of web-scale applications, where many unrelated micro-level actions and decisions, uninformed by knowledge about the macro-level, still produce noticeable and coherent effects at the scale of the Web. A model of emergence is mapped onto the multitheoretical multilevel (MTML) model of communication networks explained by Monge and Contractor (2003). Four specific types of theoretical problem are outlined. First, there is the need to explain local action. Second, the global patterns that form when local actions are repeated at scale have to be detected and understood. Third, those patterns feed back into the local, with intricate and often fleeting causal connections to be traced. Finally, as Web Science is an engineering discipline, issues of control of this feedback must be addressed. The idea of a social machine is introduced, where networked interactions at scale can help to achieve goals for people and social groups in civic society; an important aim of Web Science is to understand how such networks can operate, and how they can control the effects they produce on their own environment. Web Science explains the motivating issues for Web Science. It shows not only how research has addressed the gap between the micro-level processes and the macro-level Web-scale phenomena to which they give rise but also why research is still needed to do that.
The pace of development in financial reporting has accelerated sharply during the last few years and shows no sign of abating as the UK prepares to comply with International Accounting Standards. This text seeks to give accounting professionals an understanding of UK accounting standards and demonstrate how standards are used in practice. This text is the perfect companion for those who need to keep abreast of changes to accounting standards or those who need to see how the standards are applied in practice.
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